Simply put, a Material Safety Data Sheet or MSDS is a written document that enumerates all objects that may be potential hazards to human health and the environment. The potential hazards vary from objects that may trigger fire or substances that are radioactive in nature. The MSDS also contains information on how people within a facility can work safely in the handling of chemicals as well as the operation of machinery and equipment.
Businesses and work sites in Estonia need to utilize the Material Safety Data Sheet or MSDS as this finally completes a comprehensive health and safety program. To ensure the welfare of personnel as well as average citizens, an MSDS should be implemented before a usual business-related activities resume such as construction and operation of machinery within a worksite.
An MSDS also features information in the utilization, storage, and procedures that need to be strictly followed when handling hazardous materials. It is the responsibility of a manufacturer or supplier to provide a complete list of information about potentially dangerous products that they distribute to their clientele.
An MSDS contains data on how to use chemicals in a safe manner. Manufacturers are also deemed to provide information on potential dangers which may happen if the safety guidelines on the MSDS are not followed by users. Aside from precautions, the MSDS should also contain details on how to recognize exposure to hazardous chemical including signs and symptoms as well as general steps on how to deal with incidents of exposure or contact with dangerous chemicals.
In Estonia, the government mandates private companies to provide MSS with the products they are distributing to businesses and the public as well. it is important that the product name as well as the supplier’s name feature identical MSDS before they can be allowed for delivery and distribution.
In general, there are nine different types of information that a Material Safety Data Sheet contains:
- The product information including the name, the manufacturer’s name, the supplier’s name, the company address, and emergency contact details.
- The hazardous materials or ingredients that a product contains.
- Physical information of the item.
- The fire or explosion hazard of a product or item.
- The reactivity information which refers to the chemical instability qualities of a material. This also features the list of substances that it may have negative reaction with.
- Toxicological properties which enumerates the possible health effects as a result of exposure.
- Preventive measures that need to be initiated in the event of contact or exposure.
- First-aid intervention in case of accidents.
- Information regarding details as to which company or agency is responsible for preparing the Material Safety Data Sheet.
If there are more pertinent information aside from the basic details enumerated above, the manufacturer is deemed to add them onto the MSDS.
For added safety, the MSDS should be printed in easy to read typeface and size. This will ensure that readers can quickly find important information about the product which further reduces the risk of accidents and mishaps altogether.
For more information about the Material Safety Data Sheet, go to adepte.ee/teenused/keskkonnakorraldus/keskkonnaload/kompleksload/.