Everything you Need to Know about Material Safety Data Sheet or MSDS

Simply put, a Material Safety Data Sheet or MSDS is a written document that enumerates all objects that may be potential hazards to human health and the environment. The potential hazards vary from objects that may trigger fire or substances that are radioactive in nature. The MSDS also contains information on how people within a facility can work safely in the handling of chemicals as well as the operation of machinery and equipment.

Businesses and work sites in Estonia need to utilize the Material Safety Data Sheet or MSDS as this finally completes a comprehensive health and safety program. To ensure the welfare of personnel as well as average citizens, an MSDS should be implemented before a usual business-related activities resume such as construction and operation of machinery within a worksite.

An MSDS also features information in the utilization, storage, and procedures that need to be strictly followed when handling hazardous materials. It is the responsibility of a manufacturer or supplier to provide a complete list of information about potentially dangerous products that they distribute to their clientele.

An MSDS contains data on how to use chemicals in a safe manner. Manufacturers are also deemed to provide information on potential dangers which may happen if the safety guidelines on the MSDS are not followed by users. Aside from precautions, the MSDS should also contain details on how to recognize exposure to hazardous chemical including signs and symptoms as well as general steps on how to deal with incidents of exposure or contact with dangerous chemicals.

In Estonia, the government mandates private companies to provide MSS with the products they are distributing to businesses and the public as well. it is important that the product name as well as the supplier’s name feature identical MSDS before they can be allowed for delivery and distribution.

In general, there are nine different types of information that a Material Safety Data Sheet contains:

-      The product information including the name, the manufacturer’s name, the supplier’s name, the company address, and emergency contact details.

-      The hazardous materials or ingredients that a product contains.

-      Physical information of the item.

-      The fire or explosion hazard of a product or item.

-      The reactivity information which refers to the chemical instability qualities of a material. This also features the list of substances that it may have negative reaction with.

-      Toxicological properties which enumerates the possible health effects as a result of exposure.

-      Preventive measures that need to be initiated in the event of contact or exposure.

-      First-aid intervention in case of accidents.

-      Information regarding details as to which company or agency is responsible for preparing the Material Safety Data Sheet.

If there are more pertinent information aside from the basic details enumerated above, the manufacturer is deemed to add them onto the MSDS.

For added safety, the MSDS should be printed in easy to read typeface and size. This will ensure that readers can quickly find important information about the product which further reduces the risk of accidents and mishaps altogether.

For more information about the Material Safety Data Sheet, go to




Rõduklaasid- The Best Balcony Glazing from Malmerk Klassium

One of the best features to have in your home is a balcony. Having a balcony offers so many advantages and benefits to people who use them. A balcony allows you to be able to step outside to enjoy fresh air while looking it spectacular views all around. A balcony also allows you to enjoy a nice cigar without having to worry about your room smelling like one as all you have to do is shut the sliding door in your balcony.

In the morning, balconies are an ideal place to have breakfast as the weather is perfect. When you have guests visiting you, balconies are also an ideal location to sit down and enjoy wine and food. If you are an artist, your balcony could be the ideal venue where you can find inspiration for your work.

If you are a musician, your balcony could also provide you with ideas for your music. If you are stressed at work, you could come home and retreat to your balcony to unwind and relax. These are just a few of the benefits and advantages of having a balcony. If you already have one in your home, you have it glazed by Malmerk Klassium.

Balcony Glazing with Malmerk Klassium

Rõduklaasid is the best way to ensure the use of your balcony. Malmerk Klassium provides this service better than any service in Estonia. Having your balcony glazed by them ensures many advantages and benefits. Among these advantages and benefits is that balcony glazing is a system with the most proven track record in terms of durability. Many people who have had their balcony glazed have yet to experience any setbacks with the use of their balcony. Other benefits and advantages are:

  • The Glazing is easy to fit, easy to install, and is maintenance free. Malmerk Klassium has many designs and sizes of glazing that is perfect for all types of balconies. Have your balcony fitted by contacting them at, where you can get a free quotation.
  • Malmerk Klassium is the best in glazing. Their experience and knowledge allows them to cater to the needs and wants of single home builders to larger projects that include hundreds of balconies.
  • Their balcony glazing is a super durable and dependable system that has been tested frequently. Their customers rarely have any complaints about any defects in their work.
  • Malmerk Klassium offer their customers more options and flexibility in terms of designs and materials used for balcony glazing.
  • Malmerk Klassium offers the most reasonable and affordable price for balcony glazing in Estonia. The best part about hiring them is that they only use the highest quality of material. You will be saving a lot of money while still being able to use the best material around. This will ensure that you and your family will be able to use your balcony for years without any problems or complications.

What to do if you want to apply for a hüpoteeklaen

Sometimes, you really just have to have a large financial resource if you have to do certain things. It can be anything from a lengthy medical concern for your loved ones, to buying a much-needed car, or even buying special appliances or equipment for your own business. These investments will ensure health, happiness, or future profit. However, to do all of these, you should make sure that you have the cash to show for it. In such cases, you will probably need a hüpoteeklaento make sure that the loan will be processed swiftly.

What is a hüpoteeklaen?

Hüpoteeklaen are loans where real estate property is the collateral, or the security bond for the loan itself. There is a rather large element of risk, so it’s important that you know the following characteristics of hüpoteeklaen, so you can make the decision to get one or not.

1) A hüpoteeklaen can be applied for by a legal entity, aside from an actual person. This is one way for you to put more money into a business where you are not the sole owner. However, business owners should take note that they are risking business property when they do this.

2) The loan amount is set at a minimum of €2,000, and the usual payment period is 10 years. The interest is also set at around 1.25% a month. You can negotiate terms for a better deal, but as it is, you should consider these baseline details before you decide to apply for a hüpoteeklaen

3) The loan can be up to 70% of the property’s value. It’s important to know this, so you will have an idea of how much you can conceivably borrow from the lender.

What you need for the hüpoteeklaen application

The following are what you need to apply for a hüpoteeklaen.

1) You need to fill up a loan application. Some websites now offer online loan applications. Do make sure you print out a copy (if allowed) for your own filing.

2) You should have the required identification, so that the company can verify your details.

3) You will need to provide all legal papers pertaining to the property, as needed by the lender under law to verify the state of the property to be used as collateral.

It is also a good idea to have the property you will use for collateral independently inspected for value, so you and the company can start on equal footing for negotiations.

Do remember: it’s important that you have all the details worked out – after all, real estate is involved.

Conveyancing: Things to Know

conveyancing quotes

If you need to take care of real estate matters, be it about inheritance, buying, or selling of real estate properties, then you need someone to take care of all the legal paperwork.

Aside from that, you also have to make sure that all the procedures are done in sequence, and that all possible issues have to be checked, so that there won’t be any delays when it comes to the final turnover of the property to different hands.

Thankfully, that is exactly what conveyancers do. Once you’ve paid the conveyancing fees, you’ll be able to let someone else take care of all this, so you won’t make mistakes in the process.

Here are some guidelines for conveyancing and conveyances, so you won’t have to worry too much while looking for cheap conveyancing quotes.

Make sure they are qualified

Conveyancers should have the following qualifications, and if they’re not, then you should consider looking for proper services elsewhere.

If you’re the one buying property, do make sure that your conveyancer is in the mortgage lender’s panel. That way, the conveyancer can and will be able to receive instructions from the mortgage lenders, while at the same time be qualified or experienced enough to do what is necessary so there will be minimal or no delays.

Aside from that, your conveyancer should have a license from the Solicitor’s Regulation Authority, and they should be accredited by the Conveyancing Quality Scheme. 

These will all ensure that your conveyancer will be worth the conveyancing quotations the will be given to you.

You can get them online

Many online sites are eminently full of information on where to get proper conveyancing quotes online, aside from actual help from a conveyancer.

However, since you are dealing with online information, you should do due diligence when it comes to research about a conveyancer whom you would like to hire for your property concerns.

In this case, do some online research to see if the conveyancer or his or her company has a good reputation. After that, you should ask around in real life to see if anyone else among your friends or acquaintances have used that conveyancer’s service.

Lastly, you should always compare cheap conveyancing quotes with the services and details of the person’s or company’s background, to see if you may need to find someone else to handle your legal concerns.

You may not need a full-fledged solicitor

While many solicitors specialize in conveyancing, you may find cheap conveyancing quotes if you look for licensed conveyancers who may not necessarily be full-blown solicitors.

The main difference here is that solicitors may be a better choice for conveyancing, if there are other legal issues involved with the property in question. However, in the case of a straightforward exchange of hands for the property, all you may need is a licensed solicitor whose specialty is real estate legal concerns and procedures only.

Always look for a better deal

Unless you’ve signed on the dotted line already for a conveyancer’s services, don’t stop looking for a proper conveyancer who will offer you the right balance of services, skill, experience, and conveyancing fees.

What common chemicals are dangerous to human health?

As technology and our society progresses, it’s a sad fact that we still have to rely on some substances that can, in fact, be poisonous or dangerous to human health. Here are some of these dangerous chemicals or chemical compounds that we should avoid if we want to have less health issues to worry about.

Cigarette smoke

While technically not a single chemical compound, the smoking habit, in itself, is practically the equivalent of voluntary chemical poisoning, as it is made up of more than 4,000 chemicals, many of which are carcinogenic in nature, or simply have health effects that are unpleasant, to say the least.

Cigarette smoke causes cancers, asthma, emphysema, bronchitis, heart disease, and respiratory conditions. Even worse, secondhand smokers and pregnant women are also at risk, not just the smokers themselves.

What to do: While stopping the habit is a personal issue, cessation should be encouraged on the basis medical and health concerns. Barring that, smoking shouldn’t be allowed indoors, or in areas where other people will be unwillingly exposed.


Even though lead has been banned as an ingredient in paint, many structures still have old paint with lead in them. This has lead to a general rise in lead levels in the blood not only for the general population, but specifically in younger children. Children with higher levels of lead in their blood risk having learning disabilities, behavioral problems, anemia, and even serious brain damage, depending on the levels of the heavy metal in their blood stream.
What to do: have your house tested for lead paint, particularly if it is more than 25 years old. Do hire professional help for removing lead paint, as the removal process itself can trigger further lead exposure.

It should be noted that all heavy metal exposure is dangerous. In fact, mercury is one other heavy metal that one should be careful of, as it can be ingested, thanks to its presence in some edible fish.


Even though we use pesticides to control insects and weeds, we should remember to properly store them, and minimize their presence in our houses. Many pesticides use chemicals that are simply hazardous to human health. 

What to do: Do take inventory of all chemicals in your house periodically. It’s possible that you may have old cans or bottled of pesticide lurking in closets or storage spaces. You can minimize their use simply by keeping your home and its surroundings well-maintained and clean. If you do find unsafe or unused pesticides, and you wish to dispose of them, do call the local public works offices, and find out how you can dispose of them safely, without them entering the local environmental cycle.


You don’t just find formaldehyde in the high school lab, as it is a common ingredient in glues, fertilizers, and certain kinds of insulation and building materials. You can also find them in disinfectants, some types of soap, and even in beauty products. Exposure to formaldehyde can irritate the eyes, nose, throat, and skin. It is also a known carcinogenic.

What to do: Do make sure that you use exterior-grade pressed wood products in your home, and if you buy or use furniture that uses particleboard, you should make sure they are laminated or at least have a protective coating. Good ventilation is needed, too.

When dealing with dangerous chemicals, do remember that it’s not the exotic chemicals that can get you, but rather the ones that are in your household.

The Signs and Symptoms of Mercury Poisoning

If you love to eat fish or shellfish, then you should really be concerned about mercury poisoning. Thanks to environmental issues, both man-made and natural, there are now rising levels of mercury – in the form of methylmercury – in the biosphere, and one of the biological cycles that mercury affects is where fish belongs. Of course, there are also some other known sources of mercury, such as amalgam fillings for your teeth (if you have them). 

How does the mercury get there?

The largest man-made source, so to speak, is pollution from coal-burning power plants, since mercury is present in coal itself. However, the problem when it comes to the fish cycle is that once the mercury settles on a body of water or is washed into it, some aquatic microorganisms can convert that mercury into methylmercury, a very toxic form that builds up in some species of fish and shellfish, much more so than in other kinds of fish. 

What are the symptoms of mercury poisoning?

Mercury poisoning has many symptoms, and depending on the type of mercury and amount that you’ve been exposed to, the development of the symptoms can be long-term or it can occur very rapidly. 

Elemental and vaporized mercury
This is the pure form of mercury, and it can induce the following:

•    Emotional changes, irritability, mood swings, nervousness
•    Insomnia, headaches, and decreased cognitive functions
•    Abnormal sensations and muscle twitching
•    Tremors, weakness, and muscle atrophy

It should be noted that extremely high levels of exposure will cause kidney malfunction, respiratory failure, and death.

Organic mercury

This is the common form when ingested by eating fish, as methylmercury. This form can cause neurological impairment in adults, and the effect is heightened for fetuses. The following are other symptoms due to organic mercury poisoning:

•    Loss of coordination and muscles weakness
•    peripheral vision, speech, and hearing impairment
•    Needle-like sensations, or stinging sensations, in the extremities and the mouth

When children are exposed to methylmercury while still in the womb, the following developmental impairments have been noted:

•    Reduced ability for thinking processes
•    Shortened attention span and memory issues
•    Motor skill impairment, from slight to severe

It should be noted that most of these can develop even if the mother hasn’t developed any of the known symptoms.

Inorganic mercury

Inorganic mercury can cause skin rashes and inflammation upon physical contact. However, if it is ingested, it can actually dissolve human tissue and in some cases even be absorbed by the intestinal lining. If a person ingests large amounts of inorganic mercury, bloody diarrhea can occur. The absorbed mercury will trigger changes that can include mood swings, memory loss, or kidney damage. Muscle weakness is also a possibility.

If you have a diet that is heavy in seafood, particularly fish and shellfish, then you should always check to see if you have some of these symptoms. The same applies if you work in an environment where you could be exposed to inorganic or elemental mercury. If you find that you are exhibiting most of them, even if on occasion only, it’s a good idea to have yourself checked.

Marine species that are unsafe to eat because of high mercury content

If we want a well-rounded diet, then we do need to have fish and shellfish in it. That’s because some seafood contain high-quality protein and nutrients, while at the same time are low in saturated fats. In addition, specific fish and shellfish are also excellent sources of omega-3 fatty acids. These combinations of nutrients encourage a healthy cardiovascular system, and significantly aids in growth and development for young children. It’s important, then, that women and young children include fish and shellfish in their diet.

Unfortunately, nearly all fish and shellfish have mercury traces in them, thanks to natural and man-made sources. In many cases, this should be no cause for alarm, as the levels of mercury in fish are at trace levels that are too low to affect our health. However, some species, or some fish that come from particular areas, have very high traces of mercury in their system, in the form of methylmercury, an organic form of the heavy metal. At this point, the amount of seafood eaten, combined with the relative levels of mercury, can cause mercury poisoning in adults, and irreparable damage to children who are still in the womb. 

What do you avoid?
Here are some pointers on what fish to avoid. 

1) Avoid eating king mackerel, shark, swordfish, and tilefish, as these are known to contain high levels of mercury.

2) You can eat up to 12 ounces of other kinds of fish that are known to be low in mercury. That’s equal to two average meals every week. Catfish, canned light tuna, pollock, and shrimp are popular food choices that are low in mercury.

However, albacore tuna (White tuna) is also known to have higher mercury levels, so it’s a good idea to eat only one average meal a week for albacore tuna. 

Other fish that are low in mercury include herring, sardines, sole, tilapia, and wild salmon. For shellfish, you should consider clams and oysters.

3) Local mercury levels vary from place to place. It’s a good idea to keep updated on local fishing advisories, particularly if your place has a local fishing industry. Do find out which fish are on the high-mercury list, and avoid them until they are taken off it. This, of course, applies specifically to fish caught in local waters.

4) Do remember that you will have to serve smaller portions to young children, but follow the general directions as described above. Perhaps for young children, you should serve only the equivalent of one average adult meal a week, as two servings for them.

5) The larger and more predatory the fish is, the higher the mercury levels. This is the reason why fish like marlin and swordfish have such high levels of mercury. They literally ingest it along with the smaller fish they eat. This makes the mercury concentrate higher up in the food chain – and this can lead, eventually, to us.

In the end, though, you shouldn’t cut out fish from your diet. Rather, it’s a good idea to be aware of what’s “good” for the season and the area, and what’s not, so you can enjoy fish with the lowest levels of mercury safely.

How you can tell if a fish is safe to eat?

The big biological disaster these days is how fish can be both a boon and bane to our diet. On one hand, fish are packed with nutrients that we need, including omega-3 fatty acids. However, thanks to natural and man-made sources, some species of fish are also extremely high in terms of mercury levels.

Mercury poisoning: can you tell if the fish is safe to eat?

While mercury poisoning triggers many medical conditions, and has many symptoms in humans, the problem is that we can’t really tell if a fish is safe to eat in terms of mercury levels from appearances alone.

When it comes to eating fish, you need to know what kind of fish it is, and where it was caught.

General guides

Information online and in government releases have stated that the following are the fish that you should avoid, due to their extremely high levels of mercury:

•    King Mackerel, Ahi and Bigeye Tuna

•    You should also avoid eating marlin, shark, swordfish, and tilefish, and even if these weren’t high in mercury, you should still avoid them given their low population numbers
The following are good for general consumption, but you should eat less than four servings of it a month:

•    Bluefish, Spanish and gulf mackerel, canned albacore tuna, yellowfin tuna
•    You should also avoid eating grouper and Chilean sea bass

These fish, on the other hand, can be eaten six times a month at most:

•    Carp, White Pacific croaker, Pacific halibut, sablefish, canned chunk light tuna, sea trout

•    You can also include lobster in this list. Do check with local listings for fish that you shouldn’t consume due to environmental issues.

The following can be eaten as much as twice or even thrice a week, depending on local and general announcements:

•    Anchovies, catfish, clams, crabs, crawfish, herring, North Atlantic herring, mullet, oysters, pollock, sardines, squid, tilapia, and whitefish

•    You can add salmon and shrimp to the list, but do be aware that these can have low population numbers, depending on the seasons and type.

Weight issues

You should also consider your own weight when it comes to eating fish. For example, if you are eating canned chunk light tuna, and you are 150 pounds or more in weight, you can probably eat one serving (one can) every three days. By the same logic, a small child of 20 pounds or less can only eat the same amount in total every three weeks. It’s safe to assume that you should consider halving or even dividing into thirds the amount of fish that you can eat, when you apply it to younger children, or even smaller adults or teenagers in the family.


The Natural Resources Defense Council ( has a “wallet card” PDF file that you can print out, which can help you figure out what’s safe to eat. The PDF can be downloaded from the following link: 

It’s important to remember that you shouldn’t remove fish from your diet. Rather, what you should do is eat smarter, by knowing what kinds of fish you can eat with a minimum amount of impact on your health, in terms of mercury levels.

Diseases Connected to Mercury Poisoning

If you have been exhibiting symptoms of mercury poisoning, then you should immediately seek treatment, not only because mercury poisoning in itself can be fatal in higher doses, but because they can also trigger other diseases.

The problem is, mercury has a very destructive effect on the human body in general, and is known to target the immune systems, and any other organic system that works to detoxify your body. The following are just a few of the possible diseases you can get from mercury poisoning.


Acrodynia is a disease caused by exposure to poisonous levels of heavy metals, usually mercury. It is also known as the pink disease, due to how it would redden cheeks, nose, and lips of the person. 

Symptoms include peripheral neuropathy, usually defined by an itching, burning, or painful sensation; discoloration of the fingers and other extremities; swelling; profuse sweating; salivation; elevated blood pressure; tachycardia.

Some cases also include loss of hair, teeth, and nails. Rashes, hypotonia, and photosensitivity have also been noted. As with most diseases related to mercury poisoning, kidney damage is a distinct possibility, as are neuropsychiatric symptoms, such as emotional instability, impaired memory, and insomnia.

Hunter-Russell disease (methylmercury poisoning)

Hunter-Russell disease, or more properly known as Hunter-Russell syndrome, is the description for acute methylmercury poisoning, which is usually acquired by eating fish or shellfish with high levels of methylmercury in them. Symptoms include paresthesias, a sudden limiting of the person’s visual field (usually loss of peripheral vision), ataxia, and impaired hearing and speech. The name is taken from a study among workers in a factory in Norwich, England, where methylmercury was used as a disinfectant and preservative.

Minamata disease

Minamata disease is another description for neurological poisoning brought about by severe methylmercury poisoning. Its symptoms are similar to Hunter-Russell disease, with an emphasis on muscle weakness and permanent damage that leads to lifelong impairment or loss of sensory input for hearing and sight. It also covers extreme cases where insanity, paralysis, coma, and death follow only weeks after the onset of the range of symptoms.

Minamata disease also describes the damage to fetuses exposed to high levels of mercury. Sever developmental disabilities, such as cerebral palsy, mental retardation, and seizures are the normal symptoms of congenital Minamata disease.

The name of the disease comes from the city in Japan where extreme cases of methylmercury poisoning happened, thanks in part to wastewater from a chemical factory draining into the waters around the area. The methylmercury from the waste seeped into the local fish and shellfish, triggering a widespread epidemic of methylmercury poisoning.

Other diseases that can be triggered by mercury poisoning
Because of how wide the destructive effect of mercury is on the body, many other diseases have been linked to mercury exposure, such as Crohn’s disease and some forms of Alzheimer’s.

However, it is known that exposure to elevated levels of mercury can affect liver and kidney functions. This, in turn, can lead to diseases that affect those organs. Cardiovascular diseases have also been known to start with exposure to high levels of mercury.